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外语界
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中国英语能力等级量表的“阅读量表”制定原则和方法
提要:本文报告了中国英语能力等级量表的“阅读量表”制定流程及验证方法。作者首先从多维观界定了阅读能力的构念,认为阅读能力包含认知能力和阅读策略,其中认知能力涵盖识别与提取、概括与分析、批判与评价书面信息的能力,阅读策略涵盖规划、执行、评估与补救等策略。其次,作者详细介绍了阅读能力描述语的制定规范和具体流程,包括前期准备、描述语库建设、描述语验证与修订、描述语发布等。最后,作者阐述了阅读能力量表效度验证的步骤与方法。
广东省外语艺术职业学院
Abstract:This article reports the procedures of developing the Reading Scale of Chinas Standards of English (CSERS) and its validation. First, from the view of the multidimensionality, the author defines the construct of reading ability, which consists of cognitive ability and reading strategies. Cognitive ability includes identifying and extracting, summarizing and analyzing, criticizing and assessing, while reading strategies include planning, executing, evaluating and monitoring. Second, the author introduces the general formats and specific procedures of descriptor compiling. The procedures comprise the preparation stage, construction of the descriptor pool, validation and revision of the descriptors, and publication of the descriptors. Finally, the author elaborates on the procedures and methods of validating the CSERS empirically.
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